What to do first
When you spot a hedgehog out and about it can be difficult to judge when to leave it alone and when to intervene. Hedgehogs are nocturnal animals and ordinarily will not be out during daylight hours. If you do see one, there is every likelihood that it is in some kind of difficulty and may require professional assistance. Here are some guidelines to help you to judge.
A hedgehog is in need of help if:
it is obviously injured. It may have a wound or perhaps be dragging a broken leg
if it’s trapped, for example in netting or in a pond. It may have internal injuries and should always be brought into the Rescue Centre.
it’s lethargic or asleep and away from its nest
there are flies surrounding it - it may have a wound you can't see and could also have maggots
it’s wobbly on its legs - it may be dehydrated
it is an orphan and is out during the day without an adult - but watch carefully to see if mum is still around. Always try and rescue mum first.
A hedgehog that hasn't reached 450g/500g by mid October may need help as it’s unlikely to survive winter without intervention.
Leave them alone when:
you find a hedgehog or baby hedgehogs in their nest
you see a hedgehog out during the day that is looking purposeful. Such hedgehogs may be out looking for more food or may have been disturbed and are moving to another nest site.
The next step
Pick up the hedgehog (remember to use thick gloves!) and put it in a high-sided cardboard box (they are great climbers) with some torn-up newspaper and an old towel (for them to hide in). Don’t use hay as this could contaminate any wounds.
Put a warm hot water-bottle wrapped in a towel (or any plastic bottle filled with warm water) into the box as direct warmth will help an animal that may be suffering from shock. Remember to refill the hot water-bottle every hour.
Provide a dish of water. Never give cow’s milk - hedgehogs are lactose intolerant. A good substitute rehydration fluid is 1 dessertspoon of sugar plus 1 teaspoon of salt in 1 litre of water which has been warmed to body temperature
Offer the hedgehog meat-based (not fish-based) cat food or dog food in jelly. Failing that some raisins or grated cheese can be used in an emergency. For a young hedgehog, it may be helpful to mash the food with a little warm water.
Put the box in a safe, quiet place such as a spare room, garage or shed.
Contact Northumbrian Hedgehog Rescue Trust on 01665 570911 as soon as possible.
If you are in doubt about whether to rescue a hedgehog, please contact us for advice. It’s important to act quickly rather than ‘keep an eye’ on a hedgehog for a few days - by then it can be too late to save it.